Durandus von Meissen

The Science of Cultural Criticism

Category: Philosophy of Science

Theoretical Science

Modes of Existence: Actuality and Possibility

Catagories of Evaluation: Personal (Common Sense) visa vis Institutional (Scientific) Values under “Prolegomena to the Models of Agency”: Intersubjectivity and the Transaction of Instinct/Reason with the Existential Field (what is certain; what is possible; what is intended).


Michele Marsonet.

On Philosophy: What Kind of Realism?




Acausal Wave Theory of Consciousness and the Formal Paradigm of the Existential Field


Transcendental Aesthetic Judgment

Apperception and the Individuality of Space and Time1

Paradigm Shift and the Quantum Creativity Project:


Peter Kropotkin theorized in his classic Mutual Aid:

All species on Earth, over the course of centuries, exhibit “Mutual Aid and Mutual Support, carried on to an extent which made me suspect in it a feature of the greatest importance for the maintenance of life, the preservation of each species, and its further evolution.”


Reason is a tool of emotion

Instinct and Reason


David Hume David Hume (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them.
David Hume

Reason, logic, is a tool.  It is a means to an end.  It is never an end unto itself, never the goal.  It is the journey, not the destination.  When we use reason, we use it in pursuit of some goal.  That goal may be truth, it may be self aggrandizement, or it may be rationalizing an intuitively held opinion.

Our goals come from our instincts, our intuitions, our emotions, from the base programming that evolution has given us.  First you feel the motivation, then (maybe) you deploy reason in pursuit of the motivated goal.  Reason may have informed your instincts.  It might have played a role in the formation of the urge, but it didn’t itself…

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A Living, Intelligent Universe

A Living, Intelligent Universe.

The Critique of Critique: Critical Theory as a New Access to the Real

The Critique of Critique: Critical Theory as a New Access to the Real.

The Role of Emotions in Knowledge

The Role of Emotions in Knowledge.