Durandus von Meissen

The Science of Cultural Criticism

Category: Subjectivity and Knowledge

Theoretical Science

Modes of Existence: Actuality and Possibility

Catagories of Evaluation: Personal (Common Sense) visa vis Institutional (Scientific) Values under “Prolegomena to the Models of Agency”: Intersubjectivity and the Transaction of Instinct/Reason with the Existential Field (what is certain; what is possible; what is intended).


Michele Marsonet.

On Philosophy: What Kind of Realism?




Acausal Wave Theory of Consciousness and the Formal Paradigm of the Existential Field


Transcendental Aesthetic Judgment

Apperception and the Individuality of Space and Time1

Reason is a tool of emotion

Instinct and Reason


David Hume David Hume (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them.
David Hume

Reason, logic, is a tool.  It is a means to an end.  It is never an end unto itself, never the goal.  It is the journey, not the destination.  When we use reason, we use it in pursuit of some goal.  That goal may be truth, it may be self aggrandizement, or it may be rationalizing an intuitively held opinion.

Our goals come from our instincts, our intuitions, our emotions, from the base programming that evolution has given us.  First you feel the motivation, then (maybe) you deploy reason in pursuit of the motivated goal.  Reason may have informed your instincts.  It might have played a role in the formation of the urge, but it didn’t itself…

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Language structure: You’re born with it — ScienceDaily

Instinctual language learning


More evidence that we are not born blank slates, and that language is probably very ancient, developing over hundreds of thousands, if not millions of years.

Humans are unique in their ability to acquire language. But how? A new study shows that we are in fact born with the basic fundamental knowledge of language, thus shedding light on the age-old linguistic ‘nature vs. nurture’ debate.

via Language structure: You’re born with it — ScienceDaily.

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The Role of Emotions in Knowledge

The Role of Emotions in Knowledge.

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